Radio broadcasting commenced in Uzbekistan in 1926 and television broadcasting, in 1956. In 2005, reforms took place in the country’s broadcasting and the public broadcast entity was renamed National Television and Radio Company of Uzbekistan. Currently, the organisation runs its O’zbekiston, Toshkent and Sport TV channels and radio channels. It operates the O’zbektelefilm studio, oversees the TV and radio companies of the Republic of Karakalpakstan and its broadcasting organisations in all regions.
The organisation also manages controlling stock of the Yoshlar youth TV and radio channel. The four republics’ television and radio channels air about 96 hours of television programmes and about 92 hours of radio programmes daily. The Uzbekistan satellite TV channel airs 24-hour programming daily via satellite Express AM-22 which covers Asia and Europe. O’zbekiston and Yoshlar TV channels as well as four radio channels are broadcast online over its website www.mtrk.uz. The regional TV and radio companies broadcast at least 16 hours of TV programmes and 24 hours of radio programmes daily. TV and radio programmes are transmitted in Uzbek, Russian, English, Korean, Tajik, Kazakh, Turkmen, Kyrgyz, Tatar and other languages.
The O’zbektelefilm studio produces about 50 hours of documentaries, features films and serials in Uzbek, Russian, English, French and other languages annually. It also dubs world-renowned films into Uzbek and Russian. The republic’s TV and Radio Centre provides other broadcasting organisations with technical support, TV and radio programme production facilities as well as satellite system services and OB vans.
In 2011, terrestrial HD TV-channel titled “UzHD” was launched as well as a new Media Center with four studios (two 1000 m² and two 600 m²) which started its production of TV entertainment programmes in HD format.