NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation) is the nation’s only public broadcaster and is funded by receiving fees collected from every household with a television set. Since starting a radio service in 1925 and a TV service in 1953, this financial independence has enabled NHK to deliver impartial and high-quality programs free from influence of a third party or the government.
NHK operates six TV channels (two terrestrial and four satellite channels) and three radio channels in Japan. Its operations are run through a network of 54 domestic stations and 31 oversea bureaus, nature, science, culture, drama and education.
As the public broadcaster in one of the most earthquake-prone countries in the world, NHK is also committed to providing accurate and timely coverage of natural disasters. During the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 2011, NHK mobilized equipment that included 14 helicopters and about 500 robotic cameras to transmit real-time images of the earthquake and the subsequent tsunami to the world.
Internationally, NHK operates two television channels, NHK WORLD -JAPAN and NHK WORLD PREMIUM, as well as radio services in 18 languages. NHK World -JAPAN is expanding its services to a wider global audience using new portable devices, such as smart phones and tablet s. The corporation is also very active in international forums and organizations and shares its experience and know-hows through international co-production projects.
NHK has been playing a leading role in research and development of broadcast technology. NHK Science & Technology Research Laboratories is now conducting a wide range of R&D, form basic technologies to practical applications, such as next-generation broadcast media, universal broadcasting services, advanced program production technology, and devices and materials for use in broadcasting. NHK is using these technologies to enrich programming and to contribute to the development of next generation broadcasting.